Android Automation - Robotium

For installation, please reference to Installing the SDK | Android Developers. The easiest way is to download Eclipse first, then install the Android Development Tools (ADT) as Plugin in Eclipse.

How to use the attached project zip file:

  1. Unzip it first then copy them to you workspace;

  2. Open Eclipse, and select “File -> New -> Other…”;

  3. Select “Android -> Android Project”, and “Next”;

  4. Select “Create project from existing source”, and input folder path of “AndroidCalculator” project into “Location”, and change “Project Name” to “AndroidCalculator”;

  5. “Next” and select “Build Target” as “Android 2.3.3”, then “Finish”.

Please do the same to "AndroidCalculatorTest, but change the project folder path and change "Project Name" to "AndroidCalculatorTest".*
For running, you need to import TestData.csv to emulator first:
1. Open DDMS;
2. Open File Explorer;
3. Import the TestData.csv file in attached test project folder, into /data/data/com/calculator/files.
4. Run the data driven test.

How to run the application we test against:

  1. Create a AVD of Android 2.3.3 in Android Virtual Device Manager (AVD Manager) under “Window -> AVD Manager” in Eclipse;

  2. Select project “AndroidCalculator”, and “Run As” “Android Application”.

How to run tests against the application:

  1. Create a AVD of Android 2.3.3 in Android Virtual Device Manager (AVD Manager) under “Window -> AVD Manager” in Eclipse;

  2. Open “AndroidCalculatorTest -> src -> com.calculator.test”;

  3. Select any of the java file and “Run As” “Android JUnit Test”.

Note: please only select one file to run, because all of them have a main() method, so they will conflict with each other when run them all together.

Features included in “AndroidCalculatorTest”:

  1. “” is implemented by Instrumentation in Android SDK itself;

  2. “” demonstrate how to test an Android APK file when only get the APK file itself, its “Package_ID” and “Main_Activity”;

  3. “” shows how to read a group of test data from a csv file, run series of tests, then export the results to another file;

  4. “” shows how to use Robotium in UT level, more from code coverage perspective;

  5. “” give you a brief knowledge of writing a basic Robotium test and take screenshot in the test. (please check the screenshot under “/mnt/sdcard” in DDMS).

Library Configuration Tip:

  1. To run the Robotium tests, we need to select all in “Properties -> Java Build Path -> Order and Export”;

  2. Move the robotium up to top and move Android and Android Dependencies just below robotium (but still above any project).

Issues encountered when writing Robotium tests:

  1. Unable to take ScreenShot (saving the file to emulator): Unable to take screenshot on android using robotium and private method

  2. “Null pointer exception” or “Array out of boundary” when reading a csv file: please check the format of csv whether it’s compatible with jxl.

Some materials for Android - Robotium framework:

  1. Android Developers

  2. robotium - It’s like Selenium, but for Android™ - Google Project Hosting

  3. Controling Quality: Design Data Driven Framework around Robotium

  4. Robotium_Black_Box_Testing_For_Android in Chinese